Follow Us On Twitter
Kevin Airrington is a professional genealogist & historian with 15+ years experience. Specializing in adoptions - It's Who I Am!™
Genealogy Tip of the Day!
Adoptions Were Not Always Formal

Many “adoptions” were informal affairs where a relative or neighbor simply took in the child to raise as their own. There May have been no paperwork at all. In some times and locations there May be records of apprenticeships or guardianships‚ depending on the individual situation.

A telephone directory (also known as a telephone book phone book or white/yellow pages) is a listing of telephone subscribers in a geographical area or subscribers to services provided by the organization that publishes the directory. Its purpose is to allow the telephone number of a subscriber identified by name and address to be found.

Subscriber names are generally listed in alphabetical order together with their postal or street address and telephone number. In principle every subscriber in the geographical coverage area is listed but subscribers May request the exclusion of their number from the directory often for a fee; their number is then said to be unlisted (American English) ex-directory (British English) or private (Australia and New Zealand).[citation needed]

A telephone directory May also provide instructions about how to use the telephone service in the local area May give important numbers for emergency services utilities hospitals doctors and organizations who can provide support in times of crisis. It May also have civil defense or emergency management information. There May be transit maps postal code guides or stadium seating charts as well as advertising.

A telephone directory and its content May be known by the color of the paper it is printed on.

White pages generally indicates personal or alphabetic listings.
Yellow pages golden pages A2Z or classified directory is usually a business directory where businesses are listed alphabetically within each of many classifications (e.g. lawyers) almost always with paid advertising.
Grey pages sometimes called a reverse telephone directory allowing subscriber details to be found for a given number. Not available in all jurisdictions for reasons of privacy.
Other colors May have other meanings; for example information on government agencies is often printed on blue pages or green pages.

The first telephone directory consisting of a single piece of cardboard was issued on 21 February 1878; it listed 50 businesses in New Haven Connecticut that had a telephone.[3]

The first British telephone directory was published on 15 January 1880 by The Telephone Company. It contained 248 names and addresses of individuals and businesses in London; telephone numbers were not used at the time as subscribers were asked for by name at the exchange.  The directory is preserved as part of the British phone book collection by BT Archives.

In 1981 France is the first country to have an Electronic Directory  on an Internet system called Minitel. The Directory is called 11 after its telephone access number.

In 1991 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled (in Feist v. Rural) that telephone companies do not have a copyright on telephone listings because copyright protects creativity and not the mere labor of collecting existing information.

1996 is the year the first telephone directories go online in the USA. and both see their start in April.

In the 21st century printed telephone directories are increasingly criticized as waste. In 201 after some North American cities passed laws banning the distribution of telephone books an industry group sued and obtained a court ruling permitting the distribution to continue. Manufacture and distribution of telephone directories produces over 1400000 metric tons of greenhouse gases and consumes over 600000 tons of paper annually.



Copy Protected by Chetan's WP-Copyprotect.